Temporary Protection

Temporary protection arrangements are complementary to the international refugee protection regime, enabling people fleeing specific humanitarian crises to access protection, or protecting people from being returned to their country if it is affected by humanitarian crisis.

Temporary protection mechanisms may be developed to fill protection gaps at international regional or national level, by countries that are party to the Refugee Convention and by non-Convention States, or by regional regimes such as the European Commission.


On 21 October 2022, the U.S. Department for Homeland Security designated Ethiopia for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for 18 months. This is the first designation of Ethiopia under TPS and recognises “the ongoing armed conflict and the extraordinary and temporary conditions engulfing Ethiopia”.

Updates on temporary protection

Summary of Who Counts as a Climate Migrant?
This article defines climate migration and describes challenges associated with having an overbroad definition....
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cogitao press
Summary of Temporary Protection in Times of Crisis: The European Union, Canada, and the Invasion of Ukraine
The authors compare he EU Temporary Protection Directive (TPD) and the Canadian Canada-Ukraine Authorization...
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